COVID-19 vaccination

Latest update: - Authors: Mieke Croughs, Ula Maniewski-Kelner

Use of the COVID-19 vaccine

For whom is vaccination recommended?

Vaccination is recommended for everyone aged sixteen and over and young people between twelve and fifteen with certain underlying diseases.

Vaccination location

The vaccines are usually administered in residential care centres.

Vaccination schedule

The vaccination schedule usually consists of two doses with a minimum interval of three to four weeks, but for some other vaccins of a single dose.


Two weeks after the full vaccination schedule,  sufficient antibodies are formed, but the rate of protection against infection and against severe disease varies according to the type of vaccine. It is not yet clear how long the protection lasts.


It is not yet clear whether and when revaccination will be necessary.

Side effects

After a vaccination mild symptoms often appear, such as a flu-like feeling, fever and pain, redness or swelling at the injection site. Serious side effects are extremely rare. The risk of side effects is many times lower than the risk of the disease itself.

COVID-19 experienced

Because the immunity after experiencing the disease does not alway offer protection against all variants and the duration can be short, vaccination is also recommended if you have already had COVID-19.


Vaccination against COVID-19 is not compulsory.

Young children

There is currently insufficient data on COVID-19 vaccination in young children.

Are you still contagious after vaccination?

  • Currently, the general COVID-19 measures still apply to vaccinated persons.
  • If you have received your full vaccination schedule at least fouteen days ago
    • You do not have to go into quarantaine after a high risk contact of you are tested immediately.
    • You can travel with a vaccination certificate in Europe

Vaccination when staying abroad

  • Your invitation to be vaccinated will be sent to your home address in Belgium.
  • If you have a state registration number, you can activate your e-box so that you are also invited via the e-box.
  • You have to come to Belgium for the vaccination.
  • If you don’t have an address in Belgium, you have to inform yourself and get vaccinated in the country where you live.

Additional information

Check the general information and the FAQ about vaccination of the federal governement on

Additional information for medical doctors

Advice on Vaccination against COVID-19 in pregnant women of SHC. 

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