Ebola

Latest update:

Ebola is a rare and deadly disease caused by the Ebola virus. Infection takes place through direct contact with the blood or body fluids of an infected person. The disease can also be caused by direct contact with objects or animals infected with the virus. Mosquitoes cannot transmit the disease.
The virus can still be present in certain body fluids, such as sperm, for some time after healing.
Care workers and family members of patients are at serious risk of infection, but for tourists the risk of infection is very low.
Between 2 and maximum 21 days after infection, headache, muscle pain and high fever can occur, sometimes followed by vomiting, diarrhoea and bleeding that can eventually lead to death. There is no proper treatment available. 
After full recovery, there is probably lifelong immunity to the disease.

Risk areas

Ebola occurs in certain countries of Africa. Cases have been described in Congo (Brazzaville), Congo (Democratic Republic), Gabon, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Uganda, Sierra Leone and South Sudan. More information on ebola outbreaks can be found on this specialized website.

Prevention

Hygiene

Apply the basic principles of good hygiene. Wash your hands with soap after direct contact with people or objects in a public place.

Blood

Avoid contact with blood and other body fluids from infected or infected people. Avoid sexual contact with sick people or people who were infected with the Ebola virus less than seven weeks ago.

Objects

Avoid manipulating objects that may have come into contact with the blood or body fluids of infected persons (e.g. needles).

Animals

Avoid contact with bats. (Attention in caves!)

Avoid contact with other animals, especially monkeys.

Food

Avoid contact with bushmeat from hunting wild animals or dying from disease or traffic.

Vaccination

There is no vaccine available for travelers.

In case of symptoms

Seek medical advice if you suffer any symptoms.

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