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      Mpox

      Latest update: - Authors: Ula Maniewski, Nele Alders

      Mpox (monkeypoxvirus, genus orthopoxvirus) is caused by a virus. It is a variant of the virus that causes "common" smallpox.

      The following symptoms appear about 5 to 21 days after infection:

      • general malaise
      • fever
      • muscle pain
      • headache 

      This is followed by skin lesions: (red) spots, pimples, blisters or festering lumps, which then crust before healing. These skin lesions can be spread all over the body.

      There are no approved treatments for the moment, but the disease usually heals spontaneously after a few weeks with no residual lesions.
       
      You can get mpox by:

      • contact with body fluids, such as wound fluids
      • contact with mucous membranes and saliva droplets
      • contaminated surfaces or linen (such as bed sheets or towels)

      There is no increased risk for the general traveller

      Risk areas

      Most cases of mpox have been identified in forested areas in Central and West Africa, namely in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Nigeria. However, since May 2022, there have also been several cases in European and American countries.

      Prevention

      Avoid contact

      With potentially infected animals, infected materials (e.g., bed sheets or towels) and infected persons.

      Vaccination

      Vaccination is not recommended for travellers. 

      In case of symptoms

      Seek medical advice if you suffer any symptoms. More information can be found at mpox - frequently asked questions

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