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      Typhoid fever

      Latest update: - Authors: Mieke Croughs, Ula Maniewski

      Typhoid fever is a serious disease that is caused by a bacterium in contaminated food or water. The risk is very low for travellers who have access to safe food and drinks.

      Symptoms of typhoid fever usually develop one to two weeks after infection and include.

      • high fever
      • weakness
      • headache
      • abdominal pain
      • muscle and joint pain

      Some patients have:

      • constipation
      • diarrhoea
      • skin rash

      This disease can be fatal without treatment. A previous infection of typhoid fever does not guarantee immunity.

      Risk areas

      Typhoid fever occurs mainly on the Indian sub-continent. The risk is lower in other countries in Asia, Central and South America and Africa.


      Food and drinks

      The best protection against typhoid fever is to follow closely the advice for food and drinks.


      A good and safe vaccine is available.

      In case of symptoms

      Seek medical advice if you suffer any symptoms.

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