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      Nicaragua

      Latest update: - Authors: Mieke Croughs, Ula Maniewski

      This page contains the main health risks for travellers and general recommendations. Travel conditions are different for everyone and each patient's health condition varies. Discuss your trip during a travel consultation with your doctor or in a travel clinic, preferably six to eight weeks before departure.

      Check the current security situation on the federal government website.

      Important health risks

      Malaria

      The malaria risk is:

      • high in the northeastern in the autonomous Atlantic regions and Island Miskito Cay ("Mosquito island"). We recommend the use of mosquito-repellent measures from dusk till morning, in combination with the use of malaria tablets
      • moderate in the rest of the autonomous Atlantic regions, northeast of the department Jinotega and in the southern part of the department Rio San Juan. We recommend the use of mosquito-repellent measures from dusk till morning. For people with an increased risk, we sometimes recommend preventive malaria tablets, or taking an emergency treatment with them. No chloroquine resistance has been reported. 
      • low in the rest of the country, including Corn Islands. We recommend the use of mosquito-repellent measures from dusk till morning.

      There is no malaria risk in the capital Managua.

      In case of fever during or after your journey, get tested for malaria as soon as possible.

      Other insect-borne diseases

      Insects can transmit diseases such as dengue, chikungunyazika, leishmaniasis and Chagas disease.

      Protect yourself against insects

      Ticks

      Ticks can transmit diseases.

      Rabies

      Dogs and other mammals can be infected with rabies.

      Other frequent health risks while travelling

      Read these tips before you leave.

      Vaccinations

      Hepatitis A

      Recommended

      Hepatitis A vaccination is recommended for all travellers.

      Update of basic vaccinations

      Recommended

      Other vaccinations

      Recommended for some travellers

      Discuss with your doctor whether one of the following vaccinations is recommended for you:

      Yellow fever

      Exceptionally mandatory for some travellers

      There is no risk of yellow fever in this country. Vaccination is not necessary if you are travelling from Belgium.    

      Vaccination is exceptionally compulsory if you have been in a country where yellow fever may occur in the past six days (see map).
      This vaccination must be administered at least ten days prior to arrival by an official yellow fever vaccination centre and must be registered in an International Certificate of Vaccination and Prophylaxis.

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