Latest update: - Authors: Mieke Croughs, Ula Maniewski-Kelner


Travelling to red countries outside the EU or Schengen area is not recommended.

Take a look at the general preventive measures related to COVID-19.

Check the current security situation on the federal government website and register your itinerary on Travellers Online.

The information on Wanda is updated daily, but not over the weekend.

This page contains the main health risks for travellers and general recommendations. Travel conditions are different for everyone and each patient's health condition varies. Discuss your trip during a travel consultation with your doctor or in a travel clinic, preferably six to eight weeks before departure.

Important health risks


In the entire country there is a significant malaria risk. The risk is higher in the center and south of the country. In the north it is lower and seasonal. We recommend the use of mosquito-repellent measures from dusk till morning, in combination with the use of malaria tabletsIn case of fever during or after your journey, get tested for malaria as soon as possible. 

Yellow fever

There is a risk of yellow fever. The risk is rather low risk in the southern provinces, at the border with Ethiopia and Kenya:

  • Bakool 
  • Banaadir 
  • Bas-Juba (= Lower Juba) 
  • Bas-Shabelle (= Lower Shabelle) 
  • Bay 
  • Gado 
  • Galgadud 
  • Hiran 
  • Moyen-Juba (= Middle Juba) 
  • Moyen-Shabelle (= Middle Shabelle).

Other insect-borne diseases

Insects can transmit diseases such as dengue and leishmaniasis.

Protect yourself against insects

Tick-borne diseases

Ticks can transmit diseases such as African tick bite fever.


Dogs and other mammals can be infected with rabies.


There is a risk of infection with schistosomiasis when swimming or bathing in lakes and rivers.

Female circumcision

Girls who visit their family in this country are sometimes circumcised.

Other possible infections

Other frequent health risks while travelling

Read these tips before you leave.


Yellow fever

Recommended, sometimes mandatory

Yellow fever vaccination is recommended for all travellers and is compulsory from the age of nine months: 

  • If you are departing from another country where yellow fever can occur. 
  • If you have spent more than twelve hours in transit in an airport in a country where yellow fever occurs.  

This vaccination must be administered at least ten days prior to arrival by an official yellow fever vaccination centre and must be registered in an International Certificate of Vaccination and Prophylaxis.

Hepatitis A


Hepatitis A vaccination is recommended for all travellers.

Update of basic vaccinations




A single booster of polio vaccination is recommended for all travelers to Asia or Africa aged 16 years or older.

Other vaccinations

Recommended for some travelers

Discuss with your doctor whether one of the following vaccinations is recommended for you:

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