Thailand

Latest update: - Authors: Mieke Croughs, Ula Maniewski-Kelner

This page contains the main health risks for travellers and general recommendations. Travel conditions are different for everyone and each patient's health condition varies. Discuss your trip during a travel consultation with your doctor or in a travel clinic, preferably six to eight weeks before departure.

Important health risks

Malaria

There is a high risk of malaria along the border with Myanmar in the west. We recommend the use of mosquito-repellent measures from dusk till morning, in combination with the use of malaria tablets

There is a moderate malaria risk in the area around Tak and on the island of Little Ko Chang on the border with Myanmar. We recommend the use of mosquito-repellent measures from dusk till morning. For people with an increased risk, we sometimes recommend preventive malaria tablets, or taking an emergency treatment with you.

There is a low malaria risk in the rest of the country. We recommend the use of mosquito-repellent measures from dusk till morning.

There is no malaria risk in Bangkok, Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai and Pattaya.

In case of fever during or after your journey, get tested for malaria as soon as possible.

Other insect-borne diseases

Insects can transmit diseases such as dengue, chikungunyazika and leishmaniasis.

Protect yourself against insects

Ticks

Ticks can transmit diseases.

Japanese encephalitis

Japanese encephalitis occurs all over the country year-round. The peak season is between May and October and especially in the north.

Rabies

Dogs and other mammals can be infected with rabies.

Other possible infections

Other frequent health risks while travelling

Read these tips before you leave.

Vaccinations

Hepatitis A

Recommended

Hepatitis A vaccination is recommended for all travellers.

Update of basic vaccinations

Recommended

Polio

Recommended

A single booster of polio vaccination is recommended for all travelers to Asia or Africa aged 16 years or older.

Yellow fever

Mandatory for some travelers

Yellow fever does not occur here. Vaccination is not necessary if you are travelling from Belgium.   

Vaccination is mandatory from the age of nine months: 

  • If you are departing from another country where yellow fever can occur (see maps).
  • If you have spent more than twelve hours in transit in an airport in a country where yellow fever occurs.

This vaccination must be administered at least ten days prior to arrival by an official yellow fever vaccination centre and must be registered in an International Certificate of Vaccination and Prophylaxis.

Other vaccinations

Recommended for some travelers

Discuss with your doctor whether one of the following vaccinations is recommended for you:

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